History of the Department of Pharmacology is closely linked with the development of the Medical College Bhavnagar. The college began in the year 1995 in the premises of Sir Takhatsinhji Hospital Bhavnagar. Administrative office of the Dean was located in district T.B. Hospital. Department of Physiology & Biochemistry were accommodated in the old building of School of Nursing and Department of Anatomy was started in old T.B. Wards. T.B. Ward building was further expanded to provide space for Department of Pharmacology and Department of Forensic Medicine in the year 1997.

The Department

Department of Pharmacology started working with the appointment of Dr. D.C. Sharma, Professor & Head, who took over the charge on 13-07-1996 and more staff members who incessantly participated in building up and development of the Department joined as under:


Department of Pharmacology has following facilities.

Demonstration Rooms - 2 Nos.

  1. Accommodation (of each demonstration room)
    • Size - 92 Sq. Met. & 51 Sq. Met.
    • Capacity - 75  &  75                                                                                                                                                                                                           
  2. Audio-visual equipment           
    • Over head Projector Available                                     
    • Multimedia projector & desktop computer
    • Color television- LED
    • Slide Projectors –Automatic


Research grants received 

1 To Study the Effect of N-acetyl Cysteine, Isoniazid and Ground nut oil for Reduction of Mortality due to Aluminium Phosphide Poisoning in Rabbits (50,000/- by Govt. of Gujarat)

2 A Randomized, Active Controlled, Open Label, Parallel Group Study to compare the efficacy of Extract of Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) with Fluoxetine and to study its effect as an add on therapy to fluoxetine in patients of mild to moderate depression. (25,000/- by Govt. of Gujarat)

3 Randomized Double Blind Parallel Group Comparative Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Triplet Combination (Ciclosonide, Tiotropium Bromide and Formoterol) and Dual Combination (Tiotropium Bromide and Formotero) in Mild to Moderate Cases of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (40,000/- by Govt. of Gujarat

4 Utilization Pattern of Antimicrobials Among Patients Undergone Midline Laparotomy in Four Tertiary Care Teaching Hospitals of Gujarat, India: Multi-Centric Retrospective Study (10,000/- by Govt. of Gujarat)

5 Interaction between rosuvastatin and rocuronium in rat sciatic-gastrocnemius nerve-muscle preparation. (25,000/- by ICMR Dissertation Grant)

6 Audit of antibiotic sensitivity pattern in critical care Unit (CCU), Pediatric intensive care Unit (PICU), Neonatal intensive care Unit (NICU) and intensive cardaiac care unit (ICCU) at a tertiary care Hospital: A retrospective study. (10,000/- by ICMR STS P


Undergraduate Curriculam:

The broad goal of teaching of the undergraduate students in Pharmacology is to inculcate a rational & scientific basis of therapeutics.

    • Goal
    • Objective

    At the end of the course, student shall be able to

    Practical knowledge of use of drugs in clinical practice will be acquired through integrated teaching with clinical departments.

      • Knowledge:
      1. Describe the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of essential and commonly used drugs;
      2. List the indications, contraindications, interactions and adverse reactions of commonly used drugs;
      3. Indicate the use of appropriate drug in a particular disease with consideration to its cost, efficacy and safety for
        1. Individual needs
        2. Mass therapy under national health programmes
      4. Describe the pharmacokinetic basis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of common poisoning;
      5. List the drugs of addiction and recommend the management;
      6. Classify environmental and occupational pollutants and state the mangement issues
      7. Indicate causations in prescription of drug in special medical situation such as pregnancy, lactation, infancy and old age;
      8. Integrate the concept of rational drug therapy in clini


  • Department is running Central Animal House of Government Medical College i.e. Housing and breeding of laboratory animal and registered with Committee for the Purpose of Control and supervision of Experiment on Animals (CPCSEA).
  • Ex. Professor and Head Dr. C.B.Tripathi participated as member in preparation of Essential Drug List of Gujarat State.

University Examination (Theory)

  • Paper I two sections - 40
  • Paper II two sections - 40
  • Oral (Viva) - 15
  • Internal Assessment - 40
  • Total Theory

University Examination (Practical)

  • Exercises - 25
  • Prescription Writing
  • Evaluation of Pharmaceutical Formula
  • Spots & Practical records
  • Internal Assessment - 15
  • Total Practical - 40

Internal Assessment Examinations(II Internal Assessment Examinations and I (End of III & IV semester respectively)

Theory & Practical

  • Paper I two sections - 60
  • Multiple Choice Questions - 20
  • Viva - oral - 20
  • Total Theory - 100
  • Exercises as above(Practical) - 50

Internal Assessment Examinations( III Internal assessment Preliminary Examination (In V semester)

Theory & Practical

  • Paper I two sections - 40
  • Paper II two sections - 20
  • Oral (Viva) - 100
  • Total Theory - 50
  • Exercises as above - 50
Select Year:

Department Publication

    Dr. Chetna K. Desai (Professor & Head Of The Department)

    Scientific Publications:

    1. Subramaniam, B., M. Shah, C. Desai, J. Panchal, And S. Shah. “An Analysis Of Cases Of Drug-Induced Liver Injury Reported To An Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Center”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 13, no. 11, Nov. 2020, pp. 109-12, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2020.v13i11.39312.

    2. Pandit SMishra VDesai CAnalgesic Nephropathy due to Diclofenac in a 24-year-old Indian Male Patient: A Case Report. Journal of Young Pharmacists. 2020;12(3):291-3. 

    3. Makarani MM, Patel PP, Gandhi AM, Desai CK, Desai MK. An evaluation of the technique of use of metered dose inhaler administration in bronchial asthma children. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2020; 9:1343-50.

    4. A comparison of causality assessment tools for suspected adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care hospital. Parikh CD, Desai CK, Kapadia JD, Shah MK. Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 13, Issue 7, 2020, 176-181.

    5. Impact of certain educational interventions on adverse drug reaction reporting by nursing health professionals at a tertiary care hospital. Supriya Sonowal, Chetna K Desai, Jigar R Panchal. Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 13, Issue 6, 2020, 175-180.

    6. Evaluation of trigger tool method for adverse drug reaction reporting by nursing staff at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Menat UJ, Desai CK, Shah MK, Shah AN. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2019;8:1139-44.

    7. An Evaluation of Online Pharmacies for Compliance to Regulatory Criteria & Price Variation of Listed Medicines Parikh CD, Desai CK, Shah MK, Mishra VR.. J Young Pharm. 2019;11(2):207-12.

    8. Use of Innovative Interactive Methods in Large Group Teaching. Hetal S. Shah, Praveg A. Gupta, Mahendra M. Vegad, Desai Chetna, Shah Kanan DOI:10.5958/2231-6728.2018.00057.4

    9. Computer-Assisted Learning Versus Traditional Theoretical Teaching In Experimental Pharmacology Student Perception. Taruna Sharma, Nazuk Sharma, Chetna Desai, Suman Bala and Juhi Kalra. Journal of Research in Medical Education & Ethics 2018;8(Special Issue):S89-S93.

    10. An evaluation of efficacy and safety of commonly prescribed drugs and effect of these drugs on quality of sleep in patients suffering from zoster associated pain (ZAP). Chetna K. Desai: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 04/2018; 58(9 Suppl)., DOI:10.1002/jcph.1255

    11. An evaluation of the impact of antidiabetic medication on treatment satisfaction and quality of life in patients of diabetes mellitus. Richa Chaturvedi, Chetna Desai, Prakruti Patel, Asha Shah, Ram K Dikshit: Perspectives in clinical research 01/2018; 9(1):15., DOI:10.4103/picr.PICR_140_16

    12. An intensive monitoring of adverse drug reactions among elderly patients hospitalized in medical wards of a tertiary care hospital, October 2017. Journal of young pharmacists 2017(9(4):593-599). DOI 10.5530/jyp.2017.9.113

    13. Effect of Reading before lecture with pre designed questions on the learning outcome of medical students. Dave Darshan, Kanabar Bahvesh, Shukla Aparajita, Desai Chetna. Journal of Research in Medical Education and Ethics. Vol 7, Issue 3; 2017: 209-15

    14. Profile of epilepsy in a tertiary care public sector hospital of western India. June 2017 DOI. 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20172852

    15. Knowledge, attitude and practice of resident doctors for use of generic medicines at a tertiary care hospital May 2017. Journal of Young Pharmacists 9(2), DOI 10.5530/jyp.2017.9.51

    16. Efficacy and safety of deferasirox in pediatric patients of thalassemia at a tertiary care teaching hospital. March 2017. Indian Journal Of Medical And Paediatric Oncology 38(2). DOI 10.4103/ijmpo.ijmpo_103_16

    17. A survey of knowledge, attitude, and practice of consumers at a tertiary care hospital regarding the disposal of unused medicines. December 2016 DOI. 10.4103/0976-0105.195079

    18. Competency based medical education: An overview and application in Pharmacology. Nilima Shah, Chetna Desai, Gokul Jorwekar, Dinesh Badyal, Tejinder Singh. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2016: 48:S5-9

    19. Revisiting and innovating Pharmacology Education. (Editorial). Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 2016 Oct, 48 (Suppl 1): S1-S2

    20. Comparison between three option, four option and five option multiple choice question tests for quality parameters: a randomized study September 2016. Indian Journal Of Pharmacology 48(5):571-575. DOI 10.4103/0253-7613.190757

    21. Patel SV, Desai Ck, Dikshit RK, Patel PP.. An Impact Of Educational Interventions On Reporting Of Adverse Drug Reactions. Int J Pharm 2015; 5(2): 485-492

    22.  An evaluation of package inserts of anti-microbial agents marketed in India. International Journal Of Pharmacy 2015: Vol 5,(1); 158-164 Patel Suhani V., Desai Chetna K., Patel Prakruti P., Dikshit R. K.

    23. Badyal DK, Desai C. Animal use in Pharmacology education and research: The changing scenario. Indian J Pharmacol 2014; 46: 257-65.

    24. Badyal DK, Desai C, Tripathi SK, Dhaneria SP, Chandy SJ, Bezbaruah BK. Postgraduate pharmacology curriculum in medical institutions in India: Time for need-based appraisal and modifications. Indian J Pharmacol 2014;46:584-9.

    25. Kapadia JD, Desai CK, Dikshit RK, Solanki MN, Shah AN. A study of utilization pattern, efficacy and safety of drugs prescribed for opportunistic infections in Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected patients. Int J Med Public Health 2014;4:200-9.

    26. Panchal JR, Desai CK, Iyer GS, Patel PP, Dikshit RK. Prescribing pattern and appropriateness of drug treatment of diarrhoea in hospitalised children at a tertiary care hospital in India. Int J Med Public Health 2013;3:335-41.

    27. Dimple V. Shah, C. K. Desai, R. K. Dikshit. An analysis of the effects of three commonly prescribed antidepressant agents on memory function. Drugs Ther Perspect: March 2014, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 112-116.

    28. Jigar Kapadia, Dhaval Thakor, Chetna Desai and R. K. Dikshit. A Study of Potential Drug-Drug Interactions in Indoor Patients of Medicine Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital. J App Pharm Sci, 2013; 3 (10): 089-096.

    29. Kapadia JD, Desai CK, Solanki MN, Shah AN, Dikshit RK. Efficacy and safety of anti-tuberculosis drugs in HIV-positive patients: A prospective study. Indian J Pharmacol 2013;45:447-52.

    30. Dimple V. Shah, C. K. Desai, R. K. Dikshit & D. J. Dave. An analysis of the effects of three commonly prescribed antidepressant agents on psychomotor function. Drugs & Therapy Perspectives October 2013, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 324-328.

    31. Alpesh Patel, Chetna Desai, MK Desai, M P Patel, K Dikshit. Compliance, Chemist prescribing and Self-medication in urban Ahmedabad. IJSR - International Journal Of Scientific Research August 2013;Volume : 2, Issue : 8;364-369.

    32. Desai C. Milestones and the path ahead. Indian Journal of Pharmacology: Indian J Pharmacol 2013;45:115-6

    33. Kapadia J, Shah S, Desai C, Desai M, Patel S, Shah AN, Dikshit R K. Tenofovir induced Fanconi syndrome: A possible pharmacokinetic interaction. Indian J Pharmacol 2013;45:191-2

    34. Pandya M, Desai C. Compensation in clinical research: The debate continues. Perspect Clin Res 2013;4:70-4.

    35. P.P. Patel, A.M. Gandhi,C.K. Desai, M.K. Desai & R.K. Dikshit An analysis of drug induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Indian Journal of Medical Research 2012; 136 (6): 1051-3.

    36. Desai C. Authorship issues. Indian J Pharmacol 2012;44:433-4

    37. Desai CK, Iyer G, Panchal J, Shah S, Dikshit RK. An evaluation of knowledge, attitude, and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting among prescribers at a tertiary care hospital. Perspect Clin Res 2011 Dec 23;2:129-36.

    38. Prajapati S, Desai CK, Dikshit RK. An evaluation of the effect of atorvastatin on memory and psychomotor functions in hypertensive patients. J Postgrad Med 2011;57:291-7.

    39. S. Prajapati, Samidh Shah, Chetna Desai, M Desai, RK Dikshit. Atorvastatin-induced pancreatitis. Indian Journal of Pharm

    Dr. Vishalkumar Kishorbhai Vadgama (Assistant Professor)

    Dr. Arunkumar Dalabhai Rana (Assistant Professor)

    Evaluation of Cardioprotective effect of Cow urine ark (CUA) on Isoprenaline induced Myocardial injury in Wistar albino rats (European Journal of Pharmaceutical Research Centre) “Tamsulosin induced diarrhea : a case report” (Therapeutics Advances in Drug Safety)

    Dr. Piyush Pargi (Senior Resident)

    Dr. Ananya Rakshit (Third Year Resident)

    Dr. Vibhuti Jadhao (Third Year Resident)

    Dr. Deep K. Lakhani (First Year Resident)

    Dr. Mitul Sanjaybhai Upadhyay (First Year Resident)

    Dr. Priyanka Jivrambhai Chaudhari (First Year Resident)

    Dr. Priya Chetanbhai Patel (First Year Resident)

Year Wise Scientific Publications (including Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Case Reports etc.) of Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar.

2010 and Earlier

  1. Tripathi CB, Mistry SD, Bhavsar VH, Kelkar VV. Effect of repeated eletroconvulsive shocks and of chronis impramine treatment on salbutamol induced inhibition of ingestive behaviour of rats. International Research Communication System Medical Science.1985;13: 846.

  2. Sanmukhani J, Shah V, Baxi N, Tripathi CB. Fixed drug eruption with ornidazole with cross- sensitivity to secnidazole but not to other nitro-imidazole compound: a case report. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2010;69: 703-4.

  3. Patel PB, Patel TK, Shah P, Baxi SN, Sharma HO, Tripathi CB. Protective Effect of Ethanol Extract of Gymnosporia montana (Roth) Bemth. in Paracetamol-induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2010 May;72(3):392-6.

  4. Patel YA, Patel P, Bavadia H, Dave J, Tripathi CB. A randomized, open labeled, comparative study to assess the efficacy and safety of controller medications as add on to inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting β2 agonist in the treatment of moderate-to-severe persistent asthma. J Postgrad Med. 2010 Oct-Dec;56(4):270-4.

  5. Patel TK, Patel PB, Tripathi CB. Effect of pantoprazole and its