Subject curriculum

The focus of training in pediatrics shall be the disorders seen and managed at primary health center 8 tertiary level hospital or in general practice. The subcommittee identified topics which students must know and those they should know in view of the high contribution of neonatal mortality (over 60%) to infant mortality rate, it is recommended that about 25% of didactic and bedside clinical teaching in pediatrics should be devoted to neonatology.


The didactic teaching in the from of lectures should be restricted to one-third of the teaching program. It is desirable to outline the objectives cope and contents of each lecture so the teacher is provided with detailed guidelines to cover essential aspects of the topic. The national programmes pertaining to maternal and child health should be taught by the faculty of department of Pediatrics & collobaration of community medicine.

The curriculum content will be viewed as 25 MODULES as listed in detail hereunder. Intermediate objectives for each module and specific objectives for each unit within each module will have to be defined as the next step once the medical council of India approves the present syllabus as below.

    • Didactic Teaching

    Introduction of Pediatrics

      1. Evaluating of medical literature and clinical epidemiology
      2. Ethics in Paediatrics care
      3. Conceptual issue
      4. Withholding and withdrawing life-support
      5. Screening
      6. Adolescent health cares
      7. Maternal fetal conflicts
      8. Culture issue of pediatrics
      9. Preventive pediatrics
      10. Essential Newborn care
      11. National Health Programme's pertaining to pediatrics


      • Growth and development
      1. Fatal growth and development
      2. The new born
      3. The first year
      4. The second year
      5. Preschool year
      6. School year
      7. Adolescence
      8. Assessment of growth
      9. Development assessment and biological variation
      10. Detailed anthropometric analysis


      • Psychological disorder in pediatrics
      1. Assessment and interviewing
      2. Psychosomatic illness
      3. Vegetative disorder
      4. Habit disorder
      5. Anxiety disorder
      6. Mood disorder
      7. Disruptive behavior
      8. ADHD
      9. Autism
      10. Sexual behavior and its variation
      11. Psychosis in childhood and its treatment
      12. Intelligent Quotient(IQ) assessment
      13. Child abuse & neglect


      • Social issue
      1. Adoption, foster care, effect of mobile society, impact of violence, abuse and neglect of children.
      2. Failure to thrive
      3. Developmental disability in chronic illness


      • Nutrition
      1. Water, energy, protein, carbohydrate,fats, minerals, vitamins.
      2. Evaluation of diet
      3. The feeding of infant and children
      4. Nutritional Newborn disorder
      5. Malnutrition
      6. Obesity
      7. Vitamin deficiency and excesses


      • Pathophysiology of body fluid therapy
      1. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance and its treatment.


      • Pediatrics critical care
      1. Anesthesia and perioperative care
      2. Emergency room management of critical pediatric patients


      • Human genetics
      1. Molecular basis of genetic disorder
      2. Molecular diagnosis
      3. Chromosomal clinical abnormality
      4. Gene therapy
      5. Genetic counseling
      6. Prenatal diagnosis & fetal therapy


      • Metabolic diseases
      1. Defect of metabolism in amino acid
      2. Defect in metabolism in lipids
      3. Defect in metabolism in carbohydrate
      4. Mucopolysacharidosis
      5. The porphyria
      6. Glycogen storage disease
      7. Lysosmal storage disease
      8. Various Neurometabolic disorders


      • The newborn infant
      1. High risk newborn
      2. Delivery room emergency
      3. Dismorphology
      4. Blood disorder in newborn
      5. Systemic disorder in newborn
      6. Infection in newborn
      7. Neonatal sepsis and meningitis
      8. Procedure in newborn
      9. Essential neborn care
      10. Neonatal resuscitation programmes


      • Special health problem in adolescent
      1. Depression, suicide, substance abused, sleep disorder
      2. STD
      3. Pregnancy
      4. Menstrual problems
      5. Orthopedics problem
      6. Nutritional problems
      7. Problems realated to sexuality & gender


      • Immunological system and disorder
      1. Rheumatic diseases of childhood (inflammatory diseases of connective and collagen diseases)
      2. Autoimmunity laboratory evaluation
      3. Juvenile rheumatic arthritis
      4. SLE, lupus, vasculitis, dermatomyositis , scleroderma ,Kawasaki's disease and others


      • Infectious diseases
      1. Bacterial infection
      2. Viral infection
      3. Parasitic infection
      4. Fangal Infections
      5. Fever of unknown origin (FUO))
      6. Preventive measures
      7. Immunization practice
      8. Health advice for traveling children
      9. Tuberculosis


      • Neoplastic diseases and tumours
      1. Epidemiology
      2. Molecular pathogenesis
      3. Principles of diagnosis and treatment
      4. Leukemia's
      5. Lymphomas
      6. Neuroblastoma and other brain tumours
      7. Neoplasm of different systems


      • Nephrology
      1. Structure and function of kidney
      2. Glomerular disease
      3. Hematuria
      4. Glomerulonephritis's
      5. Nephrotic syndrome
      6. Urological disorder
      7. Renal tubular acidosis
      8. Obstructive Uropathies
      9. Management of end stage renal disease


      • Endocrine
      1. Hypothalamic disorder
      2. Thyroid disorder
      3. Pituitary disorder
      4. Parathyroid disorder
      5. Disorder of adrenal gland
      6. Disorder of pancreas
      7. Disorder of gonads
      8. Diabetes mellitus
      9. Obesity


      • The Nervous system
      1. Neurological evalution
      2. Congenital anomalies of nervous system
      3. Seizure disorders in children
      4. Neurocutaneous sundrome
      5. Movement disorder
      6. Encephalitis & Encephalopaties
      7. Neuro degenerative disorder
      8. Head injury
      9. Brain death
      10. Acute stroke syndrome
      11. space occuping lesion in brain
      12. neuromuscular disorder
      13. muscle dystrophies
      14. motor sensory neuromyopathy
      15. gullian barre syndrome
      16. bell's palsy
      17. Cerebral palsy


      • The digestive system
      1. Anatomy of digestive systems
      2. Sign and symptoms of digestive systems disorders
      3. Oral cavity & various dental problems of childhood
      4. Diseases of salivary glands and jaws
      5. Diseases of esophagus
      6. Diseases of stomach and intestine
      7. Ulcer diseases
      8. Inflammatory bowel diseases
      9. Malabsorptive disorders
      10. Diarrhoea
      11. Tumor of digestive tract
      12. Liver, pancreas , biliary systems disorder


      • Respiratory systems
      1. Development and functions
      2. Physiology of respiratory systems
      3. Diagnostic approach to respiratory disease.
      4. Dignostic procedure in respiratory disease.
      5. Nasal polyp, tonsil and adenoid
      6. Upper and lower respiratory tract infection.
      7. Pleural Effusion.
      8. Emergency management of foreign bodies in Resp. treatment.


      • Cardiovascular systems
      1. Evaluation of cardiovascular systems
      2. Laboratory evaluation
      3. Physiology of circulatory systems
      4. Evaluation of infant and child with congenital heart disease
      5. Cyanotic and acynotic congenital heart disease
      6. Cardiac arrhythmia
      7. Disturbances of rate and rhythm of life
      8. Infective endocarditis
      9. Rheumatic heart disease
      10. Congestive heart failure
      11. Systemic hypertension
      12. Myocarditis & cardiomyopathies


      • Diseases of blood
      1. Development of haemopoeitic systems
      2. Anaemias.
      3. Haemoglobinopathy
      4. Enzymatic defect in RBC
      5. Polycythemia
      6. Pancytopenia
      7. Blood and blood fraction transfusion
      8. Platelet disorder
      9. Spleen and lymphatic systems disorder
      10. Leulcemias
      11. Hemophillias & other bleeding disorders.





      • Disorder of eye

      • Disorder of ear

      • Disorder of skin

      • Orthopedic problems in pediatrics
      1. Genetic skeletal dysplasia
      2. Metabolic bone diseases.
      3. CTEV.


      • Unclassified diseases
      1. S.I.D.S.
      2. Sarcoidosis
      3. Progeria
      4. Histiocytosis
      5. Environmental health hazards
      6. Radiant injury
      7. Chemical polutant


    Curative and rehabilitative services for care of children both in the community and at hospital as part of a team in an integrated form with other disciplines, e.g. Anatomy, Physiology,pathology,Microbiology,Gynecology forensic Medicine, Community Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.


        Principles and practice of scientific medicine covering causation, clinical presentation; Investigations; diagnosis and differential diagnosis, comprehensive treatment-curtaive; rehabilititative; preventive and promotive of common diseases of all systems and organs of the human body, Applied anatomy, applied physiology, pathophysiology to be stressed as the basis for understanding the disease process.

      1. The Students will be exposed to patients in the paediatric ward, in padiatric out patient section and to newborn in the postnatal ward, All clinical ward. All clinical teaching will be done at bedside with demonstration of clinical signs. Neonatology clinics will be held in the postnatal ward. 

        Teaching methods used in the clinical will include case presentation and discussion, seminars and assignments. The be oriented to pediatrics, scope of pediatrics and to look at problem of children not in isolation but in the background of family and socio cultural environment



      • Didactic lectures
      1. History and introduction in paediatrics.
      2. Growth and development.
      3. Immunisation-schedule; immunisation programme and commonly used vaccines.
      4. Nutrition-infant feeding and weaning. Role of nutrition in early life.
      5. Malnutrition-protein energy mainutrition; vitamin and trace element deficiencies.
      6. Gastroenteritis-fluid therapy and ORS
      7. Infection diseases - exanthematous fevers; measles; chicken pox; mumps; polio; tetanus; diphtheria; enteric fever; tuberculosis; parasitic infestation and malaria. Rheumatic fever .
      8. Allergic disorders and bronchial asthma.
      9. Convulsions.
      10. Anaemia.
      11. Respiratory infections; pharyngitis.
      12. CVS - congential heart disease e.g. A.S.D., V.S.D., P.D.A. Fallot's Tetrology etc.
      13. Kindney-acute nephritis; nephrotic syndrome; urinary tract infection.
      14. Liver-infection hepatitis
      15. Endocrine glands - thyroid and pituitary disorder.
      16. Blood-Bleeding disorders.
      17. Neonatology-normal newborn: IUGR : preterm baby : L.B.W. baby; respiratory distress syndrome; infection in newborn; asphyxia; birth injuries; neonatal jaundice.